World War II
World War II was the deadliest conflict to ever engulf the world. The global military conflict, which lasted from 1939-1945, involved more than 100 million military personnel, and resulted in around 60 million casualites, an estimated 40 million of which were civilians.
The war was marked by significant action against civilians, including the Holocaust and the first and only use of nuclear weapons in a military conflict. Approximately 140,000 New Zealanders served in the war, on land, air and sea, with almost 12,000 military personnel paying the ultimate price.
The war, which ended with the total victory of the Allies over Germany and Japan had long term effects and implications, many of which are still felt to this day.
Apart from the millions of lives lost, the war was a catalyst for many continental, national and local phenomena, such as the redrawing of European borders, the division of Germany and Korea, the creation of Israel and the Communist takeover of China and Eastern Europe.
Technologies, such as nuclear weapons and the jet engine also first appeared on the scene and a multipolar world was, for a long time, replaced by a bipolar one dominated by the two most powerful victors, the United States and the Soviet Union. The War was also the catalyst for a number of new organisations such as the United Nations and the World Bank, and it also ushered in the era known as the Cold War.
Weekly Review 195 (1945) New Zealand Celebrates VE Day. World War II is over in Europe The title of this newsreel is NEW ZEALAND CELEBRATES VE DAY and it showed people were gathered at the front of the government building in Wellington and a General claimed the end of European War. Meanwhile, the Prime Minister gave speech to public. After that, the film showed the national ceremony on the streets of Wellington and Christchurch.
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