The transformation of the work environment through the adoption of digital technologies has brought both benefits and challenges for recordkeeping. All government agencies and local authorities now create a significant proportion of their records in digital form and most are developing systems and practices to enable the ongoing maintenance and accessibility of digital records.
The principles of good recordkeeping apply equally to all records and the majority of our recordkeeping standards and guides apply to records in all formats. However Archives New Zealand recognises that there are particular challenges faced by public offices and local authorities in managing electronic records.
For further information about digital recordkeeping also see our Frequently Asked Questions page.
The term ‘digital records’ includes records that are born-digital (e.g. documents created using Microsoft Word) and those that have been digitised from another medium or format (e.g. paper records that have been scanned).
Digital records can be defined as:
“Records created, communicated and maintained by means of electronic or computer equipment." [From Jackie Bennington, ed., Keeping Archives, 3rd ed., Port Melbourne, 2008, p.635.]
Digital records are ‘public records’ and are covered by the Public Records Act 2005.
For further information about managing digital records see:
Emails are public records and should be treated like any other record. For further information see:
Or email the Recordkeeping Capability.
Digitisation has become a very common process in central and local government and raises some recordkeeping challenges.
For further information consult our Digitisation Toolkit.
Records, especially digital records, cannot exist as authentic and reliable evidence of business without recordkeeping metadata. Recordkeeping metadata identifies and describes records including their content, and provides links to other records associated with them and with their business context.
The Records Management Standard for the New Zealand Public Sector - Principle 3 sets out the minimum requirements for creating, maintaining and managing recordkeeping metadata. This standard and the accompanying Technical Specifications apply to records created by local authorities and public offices.
We have also developed a Technical Guide to Implementing Recordkeeping Metadata in Electronic Document/Records Management Systems (EDRMS).
The guide focuses on the Technical Specifications that support Principle 3 and contains advice on:
Archives New Zealand regularly runs a Recordkeeping Metadata Training course to support the standard and technical specifications. Please see the Recordkeeping Training page for more information about Archives New Zealand's Training Programme.
The following resources have been developed specifically for issues faced in the creation and maintenance of electronic records:
Archives New Zealand is a collaborating partner in the Australasian Digital Recordkeeping Initiative (external link), which was launched in Wellington on October 5, 2005. Together with the national, state and territory public records institutions in Australia, we will work towards a common set of strategies to ensure that the digital records of government are preserved and made accessible for the future.
In 2010 Archives New Zealand secured Government funding for the development of a digital archive. Read the Minister Responsible for Archives New Zealand's announcement about the Government Digital Archive Programme.
This digital archive will enable Archives New Zealand to take in large-scale transfers of government agencies’ digital records and provide appropriate public access to these records, such as email messages, videos, databases and electronic documents. Creating the Government Digital Archive allows for the on-going implementation of the Public Records Act 2005 in a digital world.
For further information, contact the digital continuity team.
Please contact us to discuss the feasibility of your digital transfer.